Among the many different types of physical therapy treatments we provide here at Kentucky/Indiana Foot and Ankle Specialists, one that we frequently prescribe to our patients is electrical muscle stimulation therapy. What is it, and how does it help with foot and ankle injuries? Our podiatrists are here to tell you!

What is it?

Electrical muscle stimulation therapy is used to alleviate pain, reduce swelling, and improve healing of injuries through increased blood flow. Controlled electrical currents are generated and delivered through electrode pads that are placed directly on your skin. The electrical stimulation imitates the contraction and release of your muscles, and the intensity and frequency of currents can be changed. 

What kind of injuries can be treated?

The following are commonly treated with electrical stimulation:

How does it help?

There are several ways that this form of therapy can help:

  • Strengthens weakened muscles through repeated contractions
  • Stimulates healing through increased blood flow
  • Decreases muscle spasms
  • Alleviates pain

There are also different types of electrical stimulation therapies, including Transcutaneous electrical neuromuscular stimulation (TENS) and Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), which target the nerves. The type of treatment you receive will depend on your specific foot or ankle issue.

Contact our team!

At Kentucky/Indiana Foot and Ankle Specialists, we pride ourselves on having state-of-the-art technologies that enable us to provide our patients with the highest quality podiatric care. Our full spectrum physical therapy services play a big part in our patients’ successful treatments and recoveries. From plantar fasciitis, sports injuries, and tendon injuries, to post-surgical treatments, electrical stimulation therapy can help treat a wide range of foot and ankle conditions. Have questions about our physical therapy services? Contact any of our offices in Louisville, Bowling Green, Elizabethtown, KY and New Albany, IN to set up an appointment with our podiatrists today!

We are so excited to share the news that our brand new Jefferson office has a space dedicated to physical therapy! Physical therapy may not be the first thing that comes to mind when it comes to taking care of your feet, but it is a valuable form of treatment that can make a big difference in your healing. Whether you are recovering from foot surgery or a foot injury, or you want to reduce the chances of needing surgery, our highly-qualified physical therapists can help you regain strength, heal, and reduce pain. 


What is physical therapy?


Physical therapists are licensed professionals who are highly trained in body function to help patients with rehabilitation, pain reduction, and enhancement of their mobility, flexibility, and strength. Each patient is provided with an individualized treatment plan to address their foot and ankle issue, including ankle sprains, bunions, heel pain, flat feet, ankle instability, tendinitis, and wound care.


At Kentucky / Indiana Foot and Ankle Specialists, our physical therapists have extensive experience helping patients improve their foot and ankle health. 


We provide a wide range of physical therapy treatments:



Depending on your foot and ankle issue, our physical therapists may prescribe strengthening or stretching exercises, perform manual therapy, use technologies like electrical stimulation, lasers, or perform nerve conduction studies to assess and treat your condition.


While some patients use physical therapy to get back on their feet after an injury or surgery, others use it as a preventative measure to maintain good foot health and prevent recurring injuries. Often, it can be used to avoid more aggressive treatments like surgery. 


Take advantage of our brand new physical therapy space! 


For high-quality, experienced foot and ankle care by dedicated foot doctors, contact Kentucky / Indiana Foot and Ankle Specialists! It’s the first step in making a difference in your foot and ankle health! Request an appointment online or call any of our offices at (502)805-3338 to schedule an appointment with our podiatrists today!

Do you have painful feet with seemingly no explanation? You’ve been down the mental checklist: you haven’t overworked your feet, there’s no obvious injury, you haven’t started a new sport – what could be the cause? A lot of times the answer is an underlying medical condition that is causing your feet some sort of discomfort. 

At Kentucky/Indiana Foot and Ankle Specialists, we see all kinds of podiatric issues. 

Here are some of the more common issues that could lead to pain, swelling, tingling, or just general discomfort in your feet that you might not think of immediately: 

  1. Medications - Are you on meds to lower your blood pressure? Swollen feet are a common side effect of many medications that reduce blood pressure. Always tell your podiatrist and your primary care physician your full list of medications that you’re taking to rule out any causes of foot and ankle issues.
  2. Arthritis - If you’ve put your feet to work for over 50 years, it’s possible you have developed osteoarthritis. This degenerative disease causes the protective tissues in the joints of your feet to break down. Each foot has 33 joints, which means that’s a lot of room for foot pain as you age! 
  3. Pregnancy - There are a variety of issues related to pregnancy that can cause foot issues. Fluid retention during pregnancy is common, causing swollen feet. Rapidly changing hormones can loosen the joints in your feet and ankles, making you feel constantly off-balance or unstable.  
  4. Obesity - A higher body mass index can raise your chances of foot problems. More pounds in your upper body means more pressure on your feet, which can put you at risk for plantar fasciitisarch pain, arthritis, tendonitis, or more. 
  5. DiabetesDiabetes is one of the biggest causes of long-term foot problems. High blood glucose levels can affect the nerves and peripheral arteries in your feet, which can make them numb, painful, or tingly. Wounds don’t heal quickly, which can open them up to infection more easily, which can lead to serious consequences like amputation in extreme cases.  

Get help from our podiatrists

Remember, any foot pain is not normal, so if you’re dealing with foot pain, tingling, numbness, or discomfort, it’s time to get your feet checked out! Our team of dedicated podiatrists are ready to diagnose and treat your foot problems, including heel pain, diabetic wounds, ingrown toenails, nail fungus, and more. Call us at (502)805-3338 or request an appointment online today at any of our locations in Louisville, Bowling Green, Elizabethtown, KY and New Albany, IN.

There’s nothing quite like the adorable, tiny, tender feet of babies. It’s hard to believe how much they grow within their first few years of life! In order to support the healthy growth and development of their feet, it’s important to care for them properly and see a podiatrist if you have any concerns. Here are some foot care tips you should know to prevent common pediatric foot problems! 


Allow freedom of movement

Did you know that when babies are born their bones are flexible? It’s why we recommend keeping their feet barefoot without constricting footwear to allow freedom of movement. Allowing their toes and feet to move about freely can support proper foot development, especially as they start to stand, cruise, and walk. Plus, who doesn’t want to see their tiny baby toes? 


Don’t rush shoes

We know, the urge to buy tiny baby shoes is strong! But, until they are on their feet, young babies do not need hard-soled shoes or footwear. Giving them plenty of opportunities to be barefoot is actually a great way for them to develop the balance and grip they need to achieve the foot strength necessary to walk. Once a baby is standing and walking, it is important to buy properly-fitting, comfortable shoes. Judge a shoe by support, flexibility, and ease of taking them on and off instead of by looks alone. It is also important to avoid hand me down shoes, as every child has a unique foot shape that can impact the shape and feel of footwear.


Don’t rush walking

As tempting as it is to pull babies up to their feet and encourage early walking, their feet must develop the proper strength to support their own weight. Allowing your baby to take their time to gradually develop the coordination and strength to pull up to stand, cruise, and eventually walk is best for their foot development. 


Observe their gait

When babies are first learning to walk, it is not uncommon to see them walking on their toes (called toe-walking). However, if you notice persistent toe-walking or in-toeing (when they walk with their toes rotated inwards), it is important to consult with a pediatric podiatrist to ensure there are no abnormalities that need to be addressed. 


Keep them clean

Their tiny size can make it challenging, but be sure to keep their feet clean and dry, and their toenails trimmed. Always cut or file them straight across to ensure proper nail growth. 


If at any point in development, you notice abnormalities in your child’s feet, seek help from a pediatric podiatrist. Diagnosing potential problems early will benefit your child’s development and decrease the chances of more problems down the line. At Kentucky/Indiana Foot and Ankle Specialists, we provide expert foot care from the smallest and youngest of patients to senior citizens. Our team of dedicated foot doctors specialize in treating pediatric foot and ankle conditions to support healthy growing feet! Contact us at any of our locations in Louisville, Bowling Green, Elizabethtown, KY and New Albany, IN to schedule an appointment today!


Do you wake up with painful heels? Do they ache after exercise? No matter what the cause, heel pain is NOT a welcome feeling. It’s actually one of the most common reasons why patients come to see us at Kentucky/Indiana Foot and Ankle Specialists. Since your foot bears the weight of your entire body, even the slightest pain can greatly affect how you stand, walk, and move, which could lead to pain elsewhere.


Here are the top common causes of heel pain:

  1. Plantar fasciitis - The plantar fascia is a thick ligament connecting your heel bone to the toes that act as a shock absorber. Plantar fasciitis occurs when this tissue becomes overworked and leads to injury and inflammation. The shooting pain associated with this condition is usually most prevalent in the morning after waking up and following long periods of rest. Running, obesity, lack of support in shoes, and jobs requiring lots of standing are common reasons for developing plantar fasciitis.

  2. Heel spurs - Heel spurs are bony growths that develop on the underside of the heel bone where it attaches to the plantar fascia. Repeated stress on the area leads to calcification, swelling, and heel pain. Many patients with plantar fasciitis can also develop heel spurs.

  3. Achilles tendonitis - The Achilles tendon connects your calf muscle to your heel bone and is the largest tendon in the entire body. When it is overused or injured, Achilles tendonitis can develop and cause stiffness, inflammation and pain. Many athletes suffer from Achilles tendonitis when leg muscles are not adequately stretched, intensity of exercises increase too quickly, or proper shoes are not worn.

  4. Heel fissures - Heel fissures are when the skin on your heels crack and even bleed as a result of dry, thickened skin. People who wear open-heel shoes or have underlying skin conditions like eczema can be susceptible to developing this painful condition. 


Need help determining the cause?


When your heel pain comes from something going on internally in your feet, it can be challenging to know the exact cause. Fortunately, an experienced podiatrist can help diagnose and treat your condition. At Kentucky/Indiana Foot and Ankle Specialists, our team of dedicated foot doctors provide individualized treatments to address your foot and ankle concerns. They use preventative methods and conservative treatments paired with advanced technologies to address your foot health, whether it’s heel pain, a sports injurybunions, or nail issues. To schedule an appointment, contact any of our 7 offices in Louisville, Bowling Green, Elizabethtown, KY and New Albany, IN. We look forward to serving you!

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